The current national Government of Indonesia is led largely by officials elected in 2004. That year,
Indonesian citizens voted in both presidential and legislative elections. (For information about government structures,
In the presidential election, voters decided on a ticket led by Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, the former Coordinating Minister
for Political, Justice, and Security Affairs, and Mr. Jusuf Kalla, a leading legislator and former Minister for Industry.
Together, the pair received over 60 percent of the ballot. Out of 150 million registered voters, 110 million voted,
giving the election a high turnout rate of over 70 percent.
Following their election, the president and vice president worked with the legislature to appoint a
cabinet. Details of the current members of the cabinet, along with the ministry to which they are attached, can be found
Indonesia's legislative body, the Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, or MPR, also held welcomed new members in 2004.
Over 113 million people voted to determine their national representation.
The People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat (MPR) is the highest governing body in
Indonesia, as set by the 1945 Constitution.
In accordance with Law No.16/1960, the assembly was formed after the first general election of 1971. It
was decided at that time that the membership of the Assembly would be twice that of the Representative House.
The 920 membership of MPR continued for the periods of 1977-1982 and 1982-1987. For the periods 1987-1992,
1992-1997, and 1997-1999 the MPR's membership became 1000. One hundred members were appointed representing delegations from
groups as addition to the faction delegates of Karya Pembangunan (FKP), Partai Demokrasi Indonesia (FPDI), and Persatuan
Pembangunan (FPP). For the period of the 1999-2004 the membership of MPR was only 700, and for 2004-2009 period the MPR membership is 678.
Following the election, Mr. Hidayat Nur Wahid became the Chairman of the MPR and Mr. Agung Laksono became
the Chairman of the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, or DPR.
The People's Representative Council (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat/DPR) is the lower house of
the legislature of Indonesia. Before the 2004 election, the DPR had 500 members, of whom 462 were elected by
proportional representation from each of Indonesia's 27 provinces, and 38 were chosen to represent the Indonesian armed forces
and police. From 2004 these seats have been abolished, and the new DPR will have 550 members elected by the people.
The Regional Representatives Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat/DPD) is a second chamber with limited powers.
The DPD was created by the Third Amendment to the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia enacted 9 November 2001 in
a move towards bicameralism. The DPD does not have the revising powers of an upper house like the United States Senate. Article
22D restricts the DPD to dealing with bills on 'regional autonomy, the relationship of central and local government, formation,
expansion and merger of regions, management of natural resources and other economic resources, and Bills related to the
financial balance between the centre and the regions.'
The DPD can propose such bills to the DPR and must be heard on any regional bill proposed by the DPR. Each
province elects 4 members to the DPD on a non-partisan basis, although many candidates in the April 2004 election had links to
the parties represented in the People's Representative Council, the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR.