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Indonesia hopes to produce 9,500 MW of geothermal power in 2025

Geothermal power is expected to contribute 9,500 megawatts to the country’s energy requirement in 2025 when oil contribution is to be cutback by 30 percent.

Stability of production of geothermal power is more reliable as it is not affected by weather, Deputy Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Arcandra Tahar said when visiting Pertamina Geothermal Energi (PGE) of Kamojang Area on Sunday (1/8).

The superiority in production stability makes geothermal power base load in electricity provision by state electricity company PLM for the public, Arcandra said.

Production of geothermal power as a base load would continue at full capacity when the use of power at its lowest level, he said.

“Geothermal power plants (PLTP) could continue to operate at full capacity while oil fueled and coal fired power plants have to be shut down as bad weather,” he said.

He said the challenge in the development of geothermal power is competitiveness of the geothermal power price.

The production cost of geothermal power is high making it less competitive in price facing power produced from other facility such as, gas, oil and coal fired power plants.

Data at the Geology department of the ESDM Ministry showed that Indonesia holds the largest reserve of geothermal in the world.

The data said Indonesia has known geothermal reserves of 29 GWe found in 265 locations in the country or around 40 percent of the worlds reserves.

If the potential could be fully converted into reality, the country would save 1.2 million barrels per day needed to generate energy, Arcandra said.

Meanwhile, Operation Director of PGE Ali Mundakir said by the end of 2016, the installed capacity of PGE was 537 MW electricity equivalent. Four of 14 Geothermal Working Area (WKP), have been in operation by PGE. They are Kamojang Area in West Java, Sibayak in North Sumatra, Lahendong in North Sulawesi, and Ulubelu in Lampung.

Five other WKP are operated by its partners including Sarulla in North Sumatra, Gunung Salak, Darajat, Wayang Windu, all three in West Java and Bedugul in Bali, Ali said.

He said the Kamojang Area is the first WKP in Indonesia producing geothermal power. It started commercial operation with PLTP Monoblok built in 1987 with a capacity of 250 kWe officially commissioned by then Mining and Energy Minister Subroto.

Commercial operation of the PLTP in Kamojang started in 1983 with Kamojang Unit-1 coming on line (30 MW), followed by Unit-2 and Unit-3 in 1987 each with a capacity of 55 MW.

“The three units of PLTP are owned by Indonesia Power (IP), a subsidiary of PLN. PGE, therefore, sold geothermal steam to IP,” Ali said.

The Unit – 4 of PLTP Kamojang came on line in 2008 with a capacity of 60 MW and PLTP Unit-5 in 2015 with a capacity of 35 MW.

PGE handled the jobs from explorations to development of the field as well as the construction and operation of the power plants.

“The output in electricity is sold to PLN which deals with the end users,” Ali said.

Altogether the total installed capacity of the Kamojang Area is 235 MW electricity equivalent, supplied to the high voltage 150 KV cabel of the Java-Madura-Bali interconnection.

Ali said the Kamojang Area has received a citation of Proper Emas (Gold) from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in six successive years from 2011 to 2016.

On that Sunday, Arcandra also visited Geothermal Information Center (GIC), PLTP operation areas, Kamojang Crater tourist area, and Kamojang Eagle Conservation Center (PKEK), built by PGE in cooperation with the Natural Resources Conservation Center (BBKSDA) of West Java.

Accompanying Arcandra included Director General for New and Conservation Energy (EBTKE) Ridha Mulyana and Geothermal Director Yunus Saefulhak.

Source: Antara News

Surabaya airport named world’s most on-time airport

Juanda International Airport in Surabaya, East Java, has been recognized as the world’s most on-time airport in 2016 by UK-based air travel intelligence company OAG.

According to OAG’s research, Juanda International falls in the large airport category, as the airport welcomes 10-20 million passengers per year with an average on-time performance (OTP) of 90.30 percent.

OTP refers to arrivals and departures within 15 minutes of the scheduled times.

Moreover, news agency Antara reported that Honolulu International Airport in the US state of Hawaii ranked second with an average OTP of 87.53 percent, while Salt Lake International Airport in Utah, US, ranked third with a score of 87.2 percent.

In addition to being the world’s most on-time airport, Juanda International Airport ranked third in the OAG Punctuality League 2016. In this category, Birmingham International Airport in the UK was named the world’s most punctual airport with an average OTP of 91.28 percent, followed by Newcastle International Airport with 90.94 percent.

The OAG Punctuality League was based on 54 million flight records in 2016, which divided airports and airlines’ performance into several categories.

State-owned airport operator Angkasa Pura I director Danang S. Baskoro said he hoped Juanda’s achievement would motivate other airports in the nation to improve their on-time performance. (jes/kes)

Source: The Jakarta Post

Indonesian Students See Off 300 International Competitors in Airbus Engineering Competition

Three Indonesian teams from two local universities have beaten 300 international competitors to progress to the second round of Airbus’ “Fly Your Ideas” competition.

Garuda Ganesha and Pocket Rocket from Bandung Institute of Technology and Swing from Diponegoro University impressed the competition’s judges which comprised 60 Airbus engineers from its factories in France, Germany, Spain and England.

The judges have selected the best 50 teams from 38 countries to compete in the second round of the competition in January.

Garuda Ganesha came up with an innovative way to increase space efficiency inside an airplane’s cabin, while compatriot Pocket Rocket designed a theme park filled with unused Airbus planes.

Swing meanwhile came up with the “Smart Winglet Controlled by Artificial Intelligence” concept, maximizing fuel efficiency and introducing a new aerodynamic shape for a plane’s winglet.

“‘Fly Your Ideas’ offers unique opportunities for students around the world to interact with our engineers, who would also have a chance to absorb fresh ideas from these young people,” Airbus executive vice president Charles Champion said in a statement.

The best team in the competition will receive $31,000 in prize money at the final in May 2017. The runner-up will get $15,600.

Source: Jakarta Globe

Indonesia has abundant geothermal potential: President Jokowi

President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has said that Indonesia has abundant potential in geothermal energy, and so far, only five percent, or 29 thousand MW, of this potential has been used.

“Therefore, the remaining potential, of 95 percent, needs to be exploited,” Jokowi stated in Tampaso, here, Tuesday, while inaugurating the fifth and sixth units of the Lehendong geothermal power plant and the third unit of the Ulubelu geothermal plant.

The government had set a target to produce 7,500 MW of electricity by 2025.

“Our target is 7,500 MW by 2025, because the potential is there,” he noted.

In the early stages of such projects, foreign workers are needed before the plants go into operation, so they can transfer their technology and knowledge to local workers, the president remarked.

“When the turbines were first being installed, indeed, (foreign) workers were used because the technology needed trained technicians. But now that its nearly 99.9 percent complete, all the workers are ours because we are now capable in terms of technical skills,” Jokowi explained.

The government has cut down on bureaucracy and simplified the licensing process to speed up the construction of power plant projects across the country.

However, Jokowi said a recalculation is needed to adjust the overall target of 35,000 MW based on economic growth targets.

Source: Antara News

Muslim intellectuals to build Islamic civilization center in Indonesia

A number of intellectuals are planning to build an international Islamic civilization center in Indonesia, National Police (Polri) Deputy Chief Commissioner General Syafruddin said here on Tuesday.

“The development of an Islamic civilization center is not only taking place in the Middle East but also in Indonesia,” Comr. Gen. Syafruddin stated.

A number of Muslim intellectuals, such as Komarudin Hidayat, Azyumadi Azra, Syafrizal of the Religious Affairs Ministry, and Kharuddin of the Vice Presidential Secretariat, have visited Syafruddins official residence to discuss the plan to establish an Islamic civilization center and the prevention of radicalism in Indonesia.

Syafruddin noted that Islamic propagation is not a process that occurs only in the West, reaching out to the East; rather, Indonesia also propagates Islam to other countries.

The three-star police general acknowledged that the Muslim figures had also discussed a plan to establish an international Islamic university in Indonesia.

According to Syafruddin, so far, radicalism prevention efforts in Indonesia have been made through National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT) programs and the Polris curriculum taught in schools and universities.

Komaruddin Hidayat said President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) and Vice President M. Jusuf Kalla (JK) had set up a committee for the construction of an international Islamic university in Indonesia.

The school will be built in Indonesia because the country is known as a predominantly moderate Muslim-populated country.

Komarudin suggested the provision of an education on international Islamic civilization in Indonesia could have a global impact, particularly in countries where radicalism is flourishing.

He noted that a number of countries have suggested that Indonesia should become the worlds Islamic civilization education center, inviting foreign professors to join the universitys faculty.

Source: Antara News

Indonesian researcher explores Antarctica’s geology

Gadjah Mada University (UGM) Yogyakarta researcher Nugroho Imam Setiawan arrived in Antarctica on Friday (Dec 23) to explore the geological conditions of the Earths southernmost continent together with a Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE) team.

A statement from UGM received by ANTARA here on Wednesday said Nugroho, who is a lecturer at the Department of Geological Engineering at UGM, was selected to join in the research on the Earths future in the Antarctic and had arrived on a Shirase expedition ship.

“Outside the ship, it is very cold, with an average temperature of minus five degrees Celsius. Thank God there have been no storms, and we no longer have nighttime because the sun shines 24 hours here,” Nugroho stated in an email sent to UGM.

He added that the Shirase ship was equipped with ice-breaker technology to clear paths as wide as the body of the ship.

The ice left in the Shirases tracks is used by a group of Adelie penguins for catching fish.

Nugroho pointed out that the Soya coast was southeast of where the ship had stopped. The coast is in the northeast of Antarctica and is covered by thick mountainous layers of ice.

The top of the snowy mountains is uncovered, displaying foliated metamorphic rocks that are clearly visible through binoculars and a long-lens camera. The study of the rock structure is part of the geological research being done in Antarctica.

“These mountains are named Langhovde—a Norwegian name—after the first inventorying country. It means a long head,” he explained.

Nugroho stated that the terrestrial biology research team will install motion sensors and cameras to monitor 20 Weddel seals, comprising 15 females and five males, to examine their habitat and activities.

The team held a vote to give names to the 20 seals. “Of the two names I suggested, one name for a female seal—GAMA, meaning Gadjah Mada—entered the top 10. The seals are the research objects,” he noted.

The first stage of the geological field work, according to Nugroho, will be carried out for 41 days from December 27 to February 5, 2017.

Nugroho is the only expedition member from Indonesia to be included in JAREs 58-person research team, following the interview and recommendations process, along with two other researchers from Mongolia and Sri Lanka.(*)